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Aşağı Sakarya Nehri Balıkçılığından Alternatif Bir Geleneksel Nehir Paragat Yöntemi ve Teknik Özellikleri

Yıl 2020, Cilt 6, Sayı 2, 164 - 168, 27.08.2020
https://doi.org/10.17216/limnofish.635248

Öz

Bu çalışmada, Aşağı Sakarya Nehri’nde kullanılan geleneksel bir paraketa takımı incelenmiştir. Paraketa takımının teknik özellikleri ve kullanım şekli belirlenmiştir. Aşağı Sakarya Nehri’nde yaklaşık balıkçıların %25-30’u bu yöntemi kullanmaktadır. Balıkçılar 30-40 adet yemlenmiş kancaya sahip paraketa takımını, nehrin iki kıyısı arasına (30-60 m) konumlandırarak kullanmaktadırlar. Balıkçılar özellikle Silurus glanis olmak üzere nispeten büyük balıkları hedeflemektedirler. Ancak Esox lucius ve bazı Cyprinidae türleri de yakalanmaktadır. Günlük ortalama toplam av 5-10 kg ve yakalanan S. glanis bireylerinin ağırlıkları 1-20 kg arasındadır. Sürdürülebilirliğin sağlanması için bu geleneksel yöntemin birim çabaya düşen av miktarı ve üreyen biyokütlenin izlenmesi gerekmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Alp A, Kara C, Büyükçapar HM. 2004. Reproductive biology in a native European catfish, Silurus glanis L., 1758, population in Menzelet Reservoir. Turk J Vet Anim Sci. 28(3):613-622.
  • Ateş C, Reis İ, Cerim H, Çelik M. 2018. Sakarya Nehri'ndeki Balıkçılığının Belirlenmesi. Muğla: Muğla Sıtkı Koçman Üniversitesi. Proje No.:BAP17/073. [In Turkish.]
  • Aydın E. 2012. Sakarya Nehri’nde kullanılan fanyalı uzatma ağlarında seçiciliğin belirlenmesi [Master's Thesis]. İstanbul University.75 p.
  • Balık I, Çubuk H, Özkök R, Uysal R. 2006. Reproduction properties of pike (Esox lucius L., 1758) population in Lake Karamik (Afyonkarahisar/Turkey). Turk J Zool. 30:27-34.
  • Bose AK, Ridhi, Gupta S, Suresh VR, Das AK. 2017. Indigenous fishing (Char Kanta): A traditional fisheries in River Tawa, Madhya Pradesh, India. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 5(3):265-268.
  • Boulêtreau S, Verdeyroux P, Lorthiois E, Azémar F, Compin A, Santoul F. 2016. Do You Eat or Not? Predation Behaviour of European Catfish (Silurus glanis) Toward Live Bait on a Hook. The Open Fish Science Journal. 9:8-14. doi: 10.2174/1874401X01609010008
  • Brzuska E, Adamek J. 1999. Artificial spawning of European catfish, Silurus glanis L.: stimulation of ovulation using LHRH-a, Ovaprim and carp pituitary extract. Aquac Res. 30(1):59-64. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2109.1999.00301.x
  • CWP 2013. Coordinating Working Party on Fishery Statistics. International Standard Statistical Classification of Fishing Gear (ISSCFG Rev. 1, 2013); [cited 2019 Aug 28]. Available from http://www.fao.org/3/a-bt987e.pdf
  • EIFAC (1970). European Inland Fisheries Advisory Commission. Consultation on Eel Fishing Gear and Techniques; [cited 2019 Sep 10]. Available from http://www.fao.org/3/c2876b/C2876B00.htm
  • Erdem M, Akyol O. 2005. A preliminary study on longlining of swordfish (Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758) in Fethiye Region (Mediterranean). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 22(1):201-204. [In Turkish.]
  • FAO 2001. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Fishing Gear types. Set longlines. Technology Fact Sheets; [cited 2019 Sep 13]. Available from http://www.fao.org/fishery/
  • Francis MP, Griggs LH, Baird SJ. 2001. Pelagic shark bycatch in the New Zealand tuna longline fishery. Mar Freshwater Res. 52(2):165-178. doi: 10.1071/MF00086
  • Froese R, Pauly D. 2019. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication; [cited 2019 Sep 20]. Available from www.fishbase.org
  • GDFA 2016a. General Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture. 4/1 Numaralı Ticari Amaçlı Su Ürünleri Avcılığının Düzenlenmesi Hakkında Tebliğ; [cited 2019 Sep 20]. Available from http://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/Metin.Aspx?MevzuatKod=9.5.22750&MevzuatIliski=0&sourceXmlSearch=ticari%20amaçlı GDFA 2016b. General Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture. 4/2 Numaralı Ticari Amaçlı Su Ürünleri Avcılığının Düzenlenmesi Hakkında Tebliğ; [cited 2019 Sep 20]. Available from http://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/Metin.Aspx?MevzuatKod=9.5.22751&MevzuatIliski=0&sourceXmlSearch=matör%20amaçlı
  • Griffiths MH. 2000. Long-term trends in catch and effort of commercial linefish off South Africa's Cape Province: snapshots of the 20th century. S Afr J Marine Sci. 22(1):81-110. doi: 10.2989/025776100784125663
  • Hoşsucu H. 2005. Balıkçılık-I. İzmir: Ege Üniversitesi Su Ürünleri Fakültesi Yayınları 247 p. [in Turkish]
  • Hovgård H, Lassen H. 2000. Manual on estimation of selectivity for gillnet and longline gears in abundance surveys. Rome: FAO. Report No.: 397.
  • Iwano N, Öztürk AA. 2012. Fishing at the Galata Bridge, İstanbul, in 2011-2012. Journal of the Black Sea / Mediterranean Environment. 18(2):223-237.
  • Kaykaç MH, Ulaş A, Metin C, Tosunoğlu Z. 2003. Olta balıkçılığında düz ve çapraz iğnelerin av etkinliği üzerine bir araştırma. Ege Üniversitesi Su Ürünleri Dergisi. 20(1-2): 227-231
  • Nédélec C. 1975. FAO Catalogue of Small-Scale Fishing Gear. England: FAO by Fishing News (Books) Ltd. 191p.
  • Pham CK, Diogo H, Menezes G, Porteiro F, Braga-Henriques A, Vandeperre F, Morato T. 2014. Deep-water longline fishing has reduced impact on Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems. Sci Rep-UK. 4:4837. doi: 10.1038/srep04837
  • Sitar SP, Brenden TO, He JX, Johnson JE. 2017. Recreational Postrelease Mortality of Lake Trout in Lakes Superior and Huron. N Am J Fish Manage. 37(4):789-808. doi: 10.1080/02755947.2017.1327903
  • Ulaş A, Düzbastılar FO. 2001. Farklı Paragat Takımlarının Av Verimlerinin Karşılaştırılması. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 18(1-2):175-186. [In Turkish.]
  • Vejřík L, Vejříková I, Kočvara L, Sajdlová Z, Hoang TSC, Šmejkal M, Peterka J, Čech M. 2017a. ThirtyYear-Old Paradigm about Unpalatable Perch Egg Strands Disclaimed by the Freshwater Top-Predator, the European Catfish (Silurus glanis). Plos One. 12(1):e0169000. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169000
  • Vejřík L, Vejříková I, Blabolil P, Eloranta AP, Kočvara L, Peterka J, Sajdlová Z, Hoang The SC, Šmejkal M, Kiljunen M, Čech M. 2017b. European catfish (Silurus glanis) as a freshwater apex predator drives ecosystem via its diet adaptability. Sci Rep-UK. 7(1):15970. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-16169-9
  • Von Brandt A. 1984. Fish Catching Methods of the World. Farnham, Surrey: Fishing News Books Ltd. 432 p.
  • White WT, Last PR, Stevens JD, Yearsley GK, Fahmi, Dharmadi. 2006. Economically important sharks and rays of Indonesia. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research 338 p.

Method and Technical Characteristics of Traditional River Longline from Lower Sakarya River Fishery, Turkey

Yıl 2020, Cilt 6, Sayı 2, 164 - 168, 27.08.2020
https://doi.org/10.17216/limnofish.635248

Öz

In this study, a traditional longline set used in the lower Sakarya River was investigated. Technical characteristics and usage of the longline set were determined. Approximately 25-30% of the fishermen in the lower Sakarya River use this method. Fishermen use the longline set with 30-40 baited hooks by positioning them between the two banks of the river (30-60 m). Fishermen target relatively big individuals, especially, Silurus glanis. However, Esox lucius and some Cyprinidae species are also caught. The average daily catch is between 5-10 kg and captured S. glanis individuals are between 1-20 kg. To ensure sustainability, catch per unit efforts of this traditional method, and spawning stock biomass should be monitored.

Kaynakça

  • Alp A, Kara C, Büyükçapar HM. 2004. Reproductive biology in a native European catfish, Silurus glanis L., 1758, population in Menzelet Reservoir. Turk J Vet Anim Sci. 28(3):613-622.
  • Ateş C, Reis İ, Cerim H, Çelik M. 2018. Sakarya Nehri'ndeki Balıkçılığının Belirlenmesi. Muğla: Muğla Sıtkı Koçman Üniversitesi. Proje No.:BAP17/073. [In Turkish.]
  • Aydın E. 2012. Sakarya Nehri’nde kullanılan fanyalı uzatma ağlarında seçiciliğin belirlenmesi [Master's Thesis]. İstanbul University.75 p.
  • Balık I, Çubuk H, Özkök R, Uysal R. 2006. Reproduction properties of pike (Esox lucius L., 1758) population in Lake Karamik (Afyonkarahisar/Turkey). Turk J Zool. 30:27-34.
  • Bose AK, Ridhi, Gupta S, Suresh VR, Das AK. 2017. Indigenous fishing (Char Kanta): A traditional fisheries in River Tawa, Madhya Pradesh, India. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 5(3):265-268.
  • Boulêtreau S, Verdeyroux P, Lorthiois E, Azémar F, Compin A, Santoul F. 2016. Do You Eat or Not? Predation Behaviour of European Catfish (Silurus glanis) Toward Live Bait on a Hook. The Open Fish Science Journal. 9:8-14. doi: 10.2174/1874401X01609010008
  • Brzuska E, Adamek J. 1999. Artificial spawning of European catfish, Silurus glanis L.: stimulation of ovulation using LHRH-a, Ovaprim and carp pituitary extract. Aquac Res. 30(1):59-64. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2109.1999.00301.x
  • CWP 2013. Coordinating Working Party on Fishery Statistics. International Standard Statistical Classification of Fishing Gear (ISSCFG Rev. 1, 2013); [cited 2019 Aug 28]. Available from http://www.fao.org/3/a-bt987e.pdf
  • EIFAC (1970). European Inland Fisheries Advisory Commission. Consultation on Eel Fishing Gear and Techniques; [cited 2019 Sep 10]. Available from http://www.fao.org/3/c2876b/C2876B00.htm
  • Erdem M, Akyol O. 2005. A preliminary study on longlining of swordfish (Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758) in Fethiye Region (Mediterranean). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 22(1):201-204. [In Turkish.]
  • FAO 2001. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Fishing Gear types. Set longlines. Technology Fact Sheets; [cited 2019 Sep 13]. Available from http://www.fao.org/fishery/
  • Francis MP, Griggs LH, Baird SJ. 2001. Pelagic shark bycatch in the New Zealand tuna longline fishery. Mar Freshwater Res. 52(2):165-178. doi: 10.1071/MF00086
  • Froese R, Pauly D. 2019. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication; [cited 2019 Sep 20]. Available from www.fishbase.org
  • GDFA 2016a. General Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture. 4/1 Numaralı Ticari Amaçlı Su Ürünleri Avcılığının Düzenlenmesi Hakkında Tebliğ; [cited 2019 Sep 20]. Available from http://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/Metin.Aspx?MevzuatKod=9.5.22750&MevzuatIliski=0&sourceXmlSearch=ticari%20amaçlı GDFA 2016b. General Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture. 4/2 Numaralı Ticari Amaçlı Su Ürünleri Avcılığının Düzenlenmesi Hakkında Tebliğ; [cited 2019 Sep 20]. Available from http://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/Metin.Aspx?MevzuatKod=9.5.22751&MevzuatIliski=0&sourceXmlSearch=matör%20amaçlı
  • Griffiths MH. 2000. Long-term trends in catch and effort of commercial linefish off South Africa's Cape Province: snapshots of the 20th century. S Afr J Marine Sci. 22(1):81-110. doi: 10.2989/025776100784125663
  • Hoşsucu H. 2005. Balıkçılık-I. İzmir: Ege Üniversitesi Su Ürünleri Fakültesi Yayınları 247 p. [in Turkish]
  • Hovgård H, Lassen H. 2000. Manual on estimation of selectivity for gillnet and longline gears in abundance surveys. Rome: FAO. Report No.: 397.
  • Iwano N, Öztürk AA. 2012. Fishing at the Galata Bridge, İstanbul, in 2011-2012. Journal of the Black Sea / Mediterranean Environment. 18(2):223-237.
  • Kaykaç MH, Ulaş A, Metin C, Tosunoğlu Z. 2003. Olta balıkçılığında düz ve çapraz iğnelerin av etkinliği üzerine bir araştırma. Ege Üniversitesi Su Ürünleri Dergisi. 20(1-2): 227-231
  • Nédélec C. 1975. FAO Catalogue of Small-Scale Fishing Gear. England: FAO by Fishing News (Books) Ltd. 191p.
  • Pham CK, Diogo H, Menezes G, Porteiro F, Braga-Henriques A, Vandeperre F, Morato T. 2014. Deep-water longline fishing has reduced impact on Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems. Sci Rep-UK. 4:4837. doi: 10.1038/srep04837
  • Sitar SP, Brenden TO, He JX, Johnson JE. 2017. Recreational Postrelease Mortality of Lake Trout in Lakes Superior and Huron. N Am J Fish Manage. 37(4):789-808. doi: 10.1080/02755947.2017.1327903
  • Ulaş A, Düzbastılar FO. 2001. Farklı Paragat Takımlarının Av Verimlerinin Karşılaştırılması. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 18(1-2):175-186. [In Turkish.]
  • Vejřík L, Vejříková I, Kočvara L, Sajdlová Z, Hoang TSC, Šmejkal M, Peterka J, Čech M. 2017a. ThirtyYear-Old Paradigm about Unpalatable Perch Egg Strands Disclaimed by the Freshwater Top-Predator, the European Catfish (Silurus glanis). Plos One. 12(1):e0169000. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169000
  • Vejřík L, Vejříková I, Blabolil P, Eloranta AP, Kočvara L, Peterka J, Sajdlová Z, Hoang The SC, Šmejkal M, Kiljunen M, Čech M. 2017b. European catfish (Silurus glanis) as a freshwater apex predator drives ecosystem via its diet adaptability. Sci Rep-UK. 7(1):15970. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-16169-9
  • Von Brandt A. 1984. Fish Catching Methods of the World. Farnham, Surrey: Fishing News Books Ltd. 432 p.
  • White WT, Last PR, Stevens JD, Yearsley GK, Fahmi, Dharmadi. 2006. Economically important sharks and rays of Indonesia. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research 338 p.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Balıkçılık
Yayınlanma Tarihi August 2020
Bölüm Kısa Araştırma
Yazarlar

İsmail REİS
Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Faculty of Fisheries
0000-0003-4599-6780
Türkiye


Hasan CERİM (Sorumlu Yazar)
Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Faculty of Fisheries
0000-0003-3025-1444
Türkiye

Teşekkür We would like to thank to local fishermen for technical information.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 27 Ağustos 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 6, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @kısa bildiri { limnofish635248, journal = {Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research}, eissn = {2149-4428}, address = {}, publisher = {Eğirdir Su Ürünleri Araştırma Enstitü Müdürlüğü}, year = {2020}, volume = {6}, number = {2}, pages = {164 - 168}, doi = {10.17216/limnofish.635248}, title = {Method and Technical Characteristics of Traditional River Longline from Lower Sakarya River Fishery, Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Reis, İsmail and Cerim, Hasan} }
APA Reis, İ. & Cerim, H. (2020). Method and Technical Characteristics of Traditional River Longline from Lower Sakarya River Fishery, Turkey . Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research , 6 (2) , 164-168 . DOI: 10.17216/limnofish.635248
MLA Reis, İ. , Cerim, H. "Method and Technical Characteristics of Traditional River Longline from Lower Sakarya River Fishery, Turkey" . Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research 6 (2020 ): 164-168 <http://www.limnofish.org/tr/pub/issue/56443/635248>
Chicago Reis, İ. , Cerim, H. "Method and Technical Characteristics of Traditional River Longline from Lower Sakarya River Fishery, Turkey". Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research 6 (2020 ): 164-168
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Method and Technical Characteristics of Traditional River Longline from Lower Sakarya River Fishery, Turkey AU - İsmail Reis , Hasan Cerim Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17216/limnofish.635248 DO - 10.17216/limnofish.635248 T2 - Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 164 EP - 168 VL - 6 IS - 2 SN - -2149-4428 M3 - doi: 10.17216/limnofish.635248 UR - https://doi.org/10.17216/limnofish.635248 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research Method and Technical Characteristics of Traditional River Longline from Lower Sakarya River Fishery, Turkey %A İsmail Reis , Hasan Cerim %T Method and Technical Characteristics of Traditional River Longline from Lower Sakarya River Fishery, Turkey %D 2020 %J Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research %P -2149-4428 %V 6 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17216/limnofish.635248 %U 10.17216/limnofish.635248
ISNAD Reis, İsmail , Cerim, Hasan . "Method and Technical Characteristics of Traditional River Longline from Lower Sakarya River Fishery, Turkey". Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research 6 / 2 (Ağustos 2020): 164-168 . https://doi.org/10.17216/limnofish.635248
AMA Reis İ. , Cerim H. Method and Technical Characteristics of Traditional River Longline from Lower Sakarya River Fishery, Turkey. Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research. 2020; 6(2): 164-168.
Vancouver Reis İ. , Cerim H. Method and Technical Characteristics of Traditional River Longline from Lower Sakarya River Fishery, Turkey. Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research. 2020; 6(2): 164-168.
IEEE İ. Reis ve H. Cerim , "Method and Technical Characteristics of Traditional River Longline from Lower Sakarya River Fishery, Turkey", Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research, c. 6, sayı. 2, ss. 164-168, Ağu. 2020, doi:10.17216/limnofish.635248