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Effects of Dietary Supplemented Shiitake Mushroom Extract on Growth, Non-specific Immune Parameters and in-vitro Resistance Against Aeromonas hydrophila in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Year 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1, 28 - 36, 25.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.17216/limnofish.898170

Abstract

The activity of Lentinula edodes (shiitake) medicinal mushroom extract were examined on the non-specific immune response and biometrical performance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Fish (20 g initial weight) were divided into 3 treatment groups (60 fish/group) and duplicated groups for 6 weeks having two experimental diets supplemented with 1-2% shiitake extract and a control diet. During the feeding process, immunological, biochemical, and biometrical observations were determined using the fish and blood samples taken at weeks 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, respectively. The results of immunological, biochemical, and biometrical parameters evaluation determined that the maximum influence occurs in rainbow trout fed with 2% shiitake extract. The amount of respiratory burst activity in the blood of fish in the trial groups significantly increased in each diet on the 2nd and 6th weeks compared to controls. The amount of total protein, bactericidal activity were significantly increased in fish being fed a mushroom supplemented diet. Cholesterol level decreased in fish blood, which fed with 2% shiitake extract supplemented diet at 3rd and 6th weeks. These results support the findings that the non-specific immune responses of rainbow trout was stimulated in fish by feeding shiitake medicinal mushroom extract yielding positive results in measured parameters compared to the control group also enhancing the overall growth performance of rainbow trout.

References

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Shiitake Mantar Ekstraktı İlaveli Yemlerin Gökkuşağı Alabalığında (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Büyüme, Non-Spesifik İmmun Parametreler ve in-vitro Aeromonas hyrophila Enfeksiyonuna Karşı Direnç Üzerine Etkileri

Year 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1, 28 - 36, 25.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.17216/limnofish.898170

Abstract

Bu çalışmada Lentinula edodes (shiitake) tıbbi mantar ekstraktının gökkuşağı alabalığının (Oncorhynchus mykiss) spesifik olmayan bağışıklık cevabı ve biyometrik performans üzerine etkileri incelenmiştir. Bu amaçla balıklar (başlangıç ağırlığı 20 g) iki tekrar olucak şekilde %1 ve %2 shiitake ekstraktı ilaveli yemlerle beslenen deneme grupları ve bir kontrol grubu olmak üzere üç gruba (60 balık/grup) ayrılmıştır. Deneme 45 gün sürmüştür. Beslenme sürecinde balıklardan 1., 2., 3., 4., 5. ve 6. haftalarda alınan kan ve serum örneklerinden immünolojik, biyokimyasal parametreler belirlenmiştir. Deneme başlangıcında ve sonunda balıklardan gerekli ölçümler yapılarak biyometrik analizler değerlendirilmiştir. İmmünolojik, biyokimyasal ve biyometrik parametrelerin sonuçlarına göre maksimum etkinin %2 shiitake ekstraktı ile beslenen gökkuşağı alabalığında meydana geldiğini belirlenmiştir. Deneme gruplarında balıkların kanında tespit edilen respiratory burst aktivitesi, kontrol grubuyla karşılaştırıldığında 2. ve 6. haftalarda artış gösterdiği tespit edilmiştir. Mantar ekstraktı ilaveli yemlerle beslenen balıklarda toplam protein miktarı, bakterisidal aktivitede önemli ölçüde artış göstermiştir. 3. ve 6. haftalarda %2 shiitake ekstraktı ilaveli yemlerle beslenen balıklarda kolesterol seviyesinin düştüğü belirlenmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre shiitake tıbbi mantar ekstraktı ilaveli yemlerle beslenen gökkuşağı alabalığının spesifik olmayan bağışıklık cevabının kontrol grubuna kıyasla ölçülen parametrelerde pozitif sonuçlar verdiği, aynı zamanda gökkuşağı alabalığının genel büyüme performansını arttığı belirlenmiştir.

References

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  • AOAC. 2009. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 17th ed. Assoc. Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA.
  • Awad E, Austin B. 2010. Use of lupin, Lupinus perennis, mango, Mangifera indica, and stinging nettle, Urtica dioica, as feed additives to prevent Aeromonas hydrophila infection in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum). J Fish Dis. 33:413-420. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2761.2009.01133.x
  • Awad E, Austin D, Lyndon AR. 2013. Effect of black cumin seed oil (Nigella sativa) and nettle extract (Quercetin) on enhancement of immunity in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum). Aquaculture. 388-391:193-197. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2013.01.008
  • Baba E, Uluköy G, Mammadov R. 2014. Effects of Muscari comosum extract on nonspecific immune parameters in gilthead seabream, Sparus aurata (L. 1758). J World Aquac Soc. 5(2):173-182. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2013.08.005
  • Basha KA, Raman RP, Prasad KP, Kumar K, Nilavan E, Kumar S. 2013. Effect of dietary supplemented andrographolide on growth, non-specific immune parameters and resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in Labeo rohita (Hamilton). Fish Shellfish Immunol.35:1433-1441. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2013.08.005
  • Bernas E, Jaworska G, Lisiewska Z. 2006. Edible mushrooms as a source of valuable nutritive constituents. Acta Sci Pol Technol Aliment. 5(1): 5-20.
  • Bilen S, Bulut M, Bilen AM. 2011. Immunostimulant effects of Cotinus coggyria on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 30:451-455. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2010.12.013
  • Binaii M, Ghiasi M, Farabi SV, Pourghola R, Fazli H, Safari R, Alavi SE, Taghavi MJ, Bankehsaz Z. 2014. Biochemical and hemato-immunological parameters in juvenile beluga (Huso huso) following the diet supplemented with nettle (Urtica dioica). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 36:46-51. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2013.10.001
  • Bobek P, Ozdin O, Mikus M. 1995. Dietary oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) accelerates cholesterol turnover in hypercholesterolaemic rats. Phys Res. 44(5):287-291.
  • Bobek P, Ginter E, Kuniak L, Babala J, Jurcovicova M, Ozdin L, Cerven J. 1991. Effect of mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus and isolated fungal polysaccharide on serum and liver lipids in Syrian hamsters with hyperlipoproteinemia. Nutrition. 7:105-108.
  • Bradford MM. 1976. A rapid method for the quantification of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein dye binding. Anal Biochem. 72:248-254. doi: 10.1006/abio.1976.9999
  • Cabello FC. 2006. Heavy use of prophylactic antibiotics in aquaculture: a growing problem for human and animal health and for the environment. Environ Microbiol. 8:1137-1144. doi: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2006.01054.x
  • Dalsgaard I, Madsen L. 2000. Bacterial pathogens in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), reared at danish freshwater farms. J Fish Dis. 23: 199-209. doi:https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-761.2000.00242.x
  • Dobšíková R, Blahová J, Fran A, Jakubík J, Mikulíková I, Modrá H, Novotná K, Svobodová Z. 2012. Effect of β-1.3/1.6-D-glucan derived from oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus on biometrical, haematological, biochemical, and immunological indices in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 33(3):101-111.
  • Dügenci SK, Arda N, Candan A. 2003. Some medicinal plants as immunostimulant for fish. J Ethnopharmacol.88:99-106. doi: 10.1016/s0378-8741(03)00182-x
  • Ellis AE. 2001. Innate host defence mechanism of fish against viruses and bacteria. Dev Comp Immunol. 25:827-839. doi: 10.1016/s0145-305x(01)00038-6
  • Elumalai P, Kurian A, Lakshmi S, faggio C, Esteban MA, Ringo E. 2021. Herbal Immunomodulators in Aquaculture. Rev. Fisheries Sci. Aquaculture. 29(1):33-57
  • Galindo-Villegas J, Hosokawa H. 2004. Immunostimulants: Towards temporary prevention of diseases in marine fish. Aquaculture. 16-19.
  • Guardiola FA, Bah A, Esteban A. 2018. Effects of dietary administration of fenugreek seeds on metabolic parameters and immune status of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 74:372-379. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2018.01.010
  • Guo FC, Williams BA, Kwakkel RP, Li HS, Li XP, Luo JY. 2004. Effects of mushroom and herb polysaccharides, as alternatives for an antibiotic, on the cecal microbial ecosystem in broiler chickens. Poult Sci. 83:175-182. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/83.2.175
  • Hwang JA, Hossain E, Yun DH, Moon ST, Kim M, Yang CJ. 2012. Effect of shiitake (Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Pegler) mushroom on laying performance, egg quality, fatty acid composition and cholesterol concentration of eggs in layer chickens. J Med Plants Res.6(1): 146-153. doi: 10.5897/JMPR11.1351
  • Harikrishnan R, Balasundaram C, Heo MS. 2012a. Effect of Inonotus obliquus enriched diet on hematology, immune response, and disease protection in kelp grouper, Epinephelus bruneus against Vibrio harveyi. Aquaculture. 344-349:48-53. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2012.03.010
  • Harikrishnan R, Balasundaram C, Heo MS. 2012b. Inonotus obliquus containing diet enhances the innate immune mechanism and disease resistance in olive flounder (Paralichythys olivaceus) against Uronema marinum. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 32(6):1148-1154. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2012.03.021.
  • Hoseinifar, SH, Sun YZ, Zhou Z, Doan HV, Davies SJ, Harikrishnan R. 2020. Boosting Immune Function and Disease Bio-Control Through Environment-Friendly and Sustainable Approaches in Finfish Aquaculture: Herbal Therapy Scenarios. Rev. Fisheries Sci. Aqua. 28(3):303-321. doi:10.1080/23308249.2020.1731420
  • Kajita Y, Sakai M, Atsuda S, Kobayashi M. 1990. The immunonodulatory effect of levamisole on rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Fish Pathol. 25:93-98.
  • Kanani HG, Nobahar Z, Kakoolaki S, Jafarian H. 2014. Effect of ginger and garlic supplemented diet on growth performance, some hematological parameters and immune responses in juvenile Huso huso. Fish Physiol Biochem. 40:481-490. doi: 10.1007/s10695-013-9859-6
  • Kumar S, Raman P, Pandey PK, Mohanty S, Kumar A, Kumar K. 2013. Effect of orally administered azadirachtin on non-specific immune parameters of goldfish Carassius auratus (Linn. 1758) and resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 34:564-573. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2012.11.038
  • Kwak JK, Park SW, Koo JG, Cho MG, Buchholz R, Goetz P. 2003. Enhancement of the non-specific defence activities in carp (Cyprinus carpio) and flounder (Paralichthys olivcaces) by oral administration of schizophyllan. Acta Biotechnol. 23(4): 359-371. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/abio.200390046
  • Laird L, Needham T. 1988. Salmon and trout farming, Harwood, New York.
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Fisheries
Published Date April 2022
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Esin BABA> (Primary Author)
MUĞLA SITKI KOÇMAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-4693-7777
Türkiye


Gülşen ULUKÖY>
MUĞLA SITKI KOÇMAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-7759-4279
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University Scientific Research Project Coordination Unit
Project Number 12/76
Thanks We thank to Süleyman BABA for him support during trial. We also thank to Dr. Vikas Kumar for valuable comments on manuscript. This study is a part of the PhD. dissertation of Esin Baba.
Publication Date April 25, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { limnofish898170, journal = {Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research}, eissn = {2149-4428}, address = {}, publisher = {Egirdir Fisheries Research Institute}, year = {2022}, volume = {8}, number = {1}, pages = {28 - 36}, doi = {10.17216/limnofish.898170}, title = {Effects of Dietary Supplemented Shiitake Mushroom Extract on Growth, Non-specific Immune Parameters and in-vitro Resistance Against Aeromonas hydrophila in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)}, key = {cite}, author = {Baba, Esin and Uluköy, Gülşen} }
APA Baba, E. & Uluköy, G. (2022). Effects of Dietary Supplemented Shiitake Mushroom Extract on Growth, Non-specific Immune Parameters and in-vitro Resistance Against Aeromonas hydrophila in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) . Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research , 8 (1) , 28-36 . DOI: 10.17216/limnofish.898170
MLA Baba, E. , Uluköy, G. "Effects of Dietary Supplemented Shiitake Mushroom Extract on Growth, Non-specific Immune Parameters and in-vitro Resistance Against Aeromonas hydrophila in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)" . Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research 8 (2022 ): 28-36 <http://www.limnofish.org/en/pub/issue/69479/898170>
Chicago Baba, E. , Uluköy, G. "Effects of Dietary Supplemented Shiitake Mushroom Extract on Growth, Non-specific Immune Parameters and in-vitro Resistance Against Aeromonas hydrophila in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)". Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research 8 (2022 ): 28-36
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of Dietary Supplemented Shiitake Mushroom Extract on Growth, Non-specific Immune Parameters and in-vitro Resistance Against Aeromonas hydrophila in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) AU - EsinBaba, GülşenUluköy Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.17216/limnofish.898170 DO - 10.17216/limnofish.898170 T2 - Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 28 EP - 36 VL - 8 IS - 1 SN - -2149-4428 M3 - doi: 10.17216/limnofish.898170 UR - https://doi.org/10.17216/limnofish.898170 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research Effects of Dietary Supplemented Shiitake Mushroom Extract on Growth, Non-specific Immune Parameters and in-vitro Resistance Against Aeromonas hydrophila in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) %A Esin Baba , Gülşen Uluköy %T Effects of Dietary Supplemented Shiitake Mushroom Extract on Growth, Non-specific Immune Parameters and in-vitro Resistance Against Aeromonas hydrophila in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) %D 2022 %J Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research %P -2149-4428 %V 8 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17216/limnofish.898170 %U 10.17216/limnofish.898170
ISNAD Baba, Esin , Uluköy, Gülşen . "Effects of Dietary Supplemented Shiitake Mushroom Extract on Growth, Non-specific Immune Parameters and in-vitro Resistance Against Aeromonas hydrophila in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)". Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research 8 / 1 (April 2022): 28-36 . https://doi.org/10.17216/limnofish.898170
AMA Baba E. , Uluköy G. Effects of Dietary Supplemented Shiitake Mushroom Extract on Growth, Non-specific Immune Parameters and in-vitro Resistance Against Aeromonas hydrophila in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research. 2022; 8(1): 28-36.
Vancouver Baba E. , Uluköy G. Effects of Dietary Supplemented Shiitake Mushroom Extract on Growth, Non-specific Immune Parameters and in-vitro Resistance Against Aeromonas hydrophila in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research. 2022; 8(1): 28-36.
IEEE E. Baba and G. Uluköy , "Effects of Dietary Supplemented Shiitake Mushroom Extract on Growth, Non-specific Immune Parameters and in-vitro Resistance Against Aeromonas hydrophila in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)", Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 28-36, Apr. 2022, doi:10.17216/limnofish.898170