Yıl 2015, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 9 - 18 2015-04-20

Age, Growth and Reproductive Period of White Bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L., 1758) in Lake Ladik, Turkey
Ladik Gölü (Türkiye)’ndeki Tahta Balığı, Blicca bjoerkna (L., 1758)’nın Yaşı, Büyümesi ve Üreme Dönemi

Savaş Yılmaz [1] , Okan Yazıcıoğlu [2] , Ramazan Yazıcı [3] , Nazmi Polat [4]

335 722

The white bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L., 1758) specimens (n=434) were collected from Lake Ladik between November 2009 and October 2010 in order to determine the age, growth, and reproductive season. Fork lengths and weights of these samples varied between 11.5-24.3 cm and 22.80-259.00 g, respectively. Age estimates obtained from scales and vertebrae were compared to determine the most reliable bony structure for ageing. The precision analyses indicated that scales were the most appropriate hard structures for determining the age of white bream. Ages of all the specimens ranged from I to VI years and age group III was dominant. The parameters of the von Bertalanffy growth equations were calculated as L = 32.85 cm, W = 707.76 g, k = 0.11 year-1 and t0 = -2.64 year, and the growth performance index (Φ') value was computed as 2.074 for combined sexes. Fork length-weight relationship was found to be W = 0.0066 FL3.317. The mean condition factor was the highest in August and the lowest in October. The gonadosomatic index values showed that the reproduction occurred between May and June.

Tahta Balığı, Blicca bjoerkna (L., 1758) örnekleri (n=434) yaş, büyüme ve üreme dönemini belirlemek amacıyla Kasım 2009-Ekim 2010 tarihleri arasında Ladik Gölü’nden yakalanmıştır. Çatal boy ve ağırlık dağılımları sırasıyla 11,5-24,3 cm ve 22,80-259,00 g arasında değişmiştir. Pul ve omurdan elde edilen yaşlar en güvenilir kemiksi yapının tespit edilmesi amacıyla karşılaştırılmıştır. Uyum analizleri Tahta Balığı’nın yaşının belirlenmesi için en uygun yapının pul olduğunu göstermiştir. Örneklerin yaşları I-VI arasında dağılım göstermiş ve III yaş grubu baskın yıl sınıfını oluşturmuştur. Populasyon genelinde von Bertalanffy büyüme denklemi parametreleri L = 32,85 cm, W = 707,76 g, k = 0,11 yıl-1 ve t0 = -2,64 yıl ve büyüme performans indeks değeri (Φ') 2,074 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Çatal boy-ağırlık ilişkisi W = 0,0066 ÇB3,317 şeklinde elde edilmiştir. En yüksek ve en düşük ortalama kondisyon faktörü değerleri sırasıyla Ağustos ve Ekim aylarında elde edilmiştir. Gonadosomatik indeks değerleri üreme faaliyetinin Mayıs-Haziran aylarında gerçekleştiğini göstermiştir.

  • Abecasis D, Bentes L, Coelho R, Correia C, Lino PG, Monteiro P, Gonçalves JMS, Ribeiro J, Erzini K. 2008. Ageing seabreams: a comparative study between scales and otoliths. Fish Res. 89(1):37-48. doi: 10.1016/j.fishres.2007.08.013
  • Bagenal TB, Tesch FW. 1978. Age and growth. In: Bagenal TB, editor. Methods for assessment of fish production in freshwaters. Oxford: Blackwell Science Publication. p. 101-136.
  • Balık S, Ustaoğlu MR, Sarı HM. 1999. Investigations on growth and reproduction characteristics of white bream (Blicca bjoerkna L., 1758) population in Lake Kuş (Bandırma). Istanbul Uni J Aquat Prod. Special Issue:223-231. [in Turkish]
  • Bartoszewicz M, Zalewski A. 2003. American mink, Mustela vison diet and predation on waterfowl in the Słońsk Reserve, Western Poland. Folia Zool. 52(3):225-230.
  • Beamish RJ, Fournier DA. 1981. A method for comparing the precision of a set of age determinations. Can J Fish Aquat Sci. 38(8):982-983. doi: 10.1139/F81-132
  • Chang WYB. 1982. A statistical method for evaluating the reproducibility of age determination. Can J Fish Aquat Sci. 39(8):1208-1210. doi: 10.1139/f82-158
  • Chugunova NI. 1963. Age and Growth Studies in Fish. Washington: National Science Foundation. 132 p.
  • DeVries DR, Frie RV. 1996. Determination of age and growth. In: Murphy BR, Willis DW, editors. Fisheries techniques. 2nd edition. Maryland: American Fishery Society. p. 483-512.
  • Erbaşaran E. 2012. Age determination and investigation of growth features of common bream, Abramis brama (L., 1758) in Lake Ladik (Samsun, Turkey) [Master’s Thesis]. Ondokuz Mayıs University. 67 p. [in Turkish]
  • Erkoyuncu İ. 1995. Balıkçılık Biyolojisi ve Populasyon Dinamiği. Samsun: Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Basımevi. 265 p. [in Turkish]
  • Gayanilo PC, Sparre P, Pauly D. 2005. FAO-ICLARM stock assessment tools II (FISAT II). Revised version. User’s guide. Rome: FAO. Computerized Information Series No.:8
  • Geldiay R, Balık S. 2007. Türkiye Tatlısu Balıkları. İzmir: Ege Üniversitesi Basımevi. 644 p. [in Turkish]
  • Gürsoy Ç. 2001. Size at maturity and fecundity of white breams (Blicca bjoerkna L., 1758) baltic vimba (Vimba vimba L., 1758) fish populations in Sapanca Lake [Master’s Thesis]. İstanbul University. 20 p. [in Turkish]
  • Hamalosmanoğlu, M. 2003. Growth and reproduction features of vimba (Vimba vimba L., 1758) and white bream (Blicca bjoerkna L., 1758) living in Sapanca Lake [PhD Thesis]. Gazi University. 79 p. [in Turkish]
  • Holden MC, Raitt DFS. 1974. Manual of fisheries science part 2- methods of resource investigation and their application. Rome: FAO. Technical Paper No.:115.
  • Jamali H, Eagderi S, Esmaeilzadegan E, Patimar R. 2015. Age, growth and some biological characteristics of Silver bream (Blicca bjoerkna L., 1758) (Cyprinidae) from Aras Dam Lake in Northwest of Iran. Int J Biol. 3(1):35-41.
  • Jensen B, Sequeira DM. 1978. The diet of the Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes L.) in Denmark. Danish Review of Game Biology. 10(8):1-16.
  • Kemenes I, Nechay G. 1990. The food of otters Lutra lutra in different habitats in Hungary. Acta Theriologica. 35(1-2):17-24.
  • Khan S, Khan MA, Miyan K. 2011. Comparison of age estimates from otoliths, vertebrae, and pectoral spines in African sharptooth catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell). Estonian J Ecol. 60(3):183-193. doi: 10.3176/eco.2011.3.02
  • Kloskowski J, Rechulicz J, Jarzynowa B. 2013. Resource availability and use by Eurasian otters Lutra lutra in a heavily modified river-canal system. Wildlife Biol. 19(4):439-451. doi: 10.2981/12-104
  • Kottelat M, Freyhof J. 2007. Handbook of European Freshwater Fishes. Cornol (Switzerland) and Berlin (Germany): Published by the authors 646 p.
  • Ložys L. 2003. Seasonal migrations of pikeperch (Sander lucioperca L.) from the Curonian Lagoon to the Baltic Sea and advantages of the phenomenon. Acta Zool Lit. 13(2):188-194. doi: 10.1080/13921657.2003.10512562
  • Ma BS, Xie CX, Hue B, Yang XF, Huang HP. 2010. Age and growth of a long-lived fish Schizothorax o’connori in the Yarlung Tsangpo River, Tibet. Zool Stud. 49(6):749-759.
  • Munro JL, Pauly D. 1983. A simple method for comparing growth of fishes and invertebrates. ICLARM Fishbyte. 1(1):5-6.
  • Nikolsky GV. 1963. The Ecology of Fishes. London: Academic Press 352 p.
  • Okgerman HC, Elp M, Atasagun S. 2012. The growth and reproduction of white bream (Blicca bjoerkna L. 1758) in an oligo-mesotrophic lake in northwest Anatolia (Sapanca, Turkey). Turk J Zool. 36(1):125-134. doi: 10.3906/biy-1012-157
  • Polat N. 2000. Importance of age determination in fish. Paper presented at: IV. Su Ürünleri Sempozyumu; Erzurum, Turkey. [in Turkish]
  • Polat N, Beamish RJ. 1992. Annulus formation on anatomical structures of Siraz (Capoeta capoeta) in Altınkaya Dam Lake. Ondokuz Mayıs Uni J Sci. 4(1):70-88.
  • Polat N, Gümüş A. 1995. Age determination and evaluation of precision using five bony structures of the Brond-Snout (Chondrostoma regium Heckel, 1843). Turk J Zool. 19:331-335.
  • Pontual H (de), Panfili J, Wright PJ, Troadec H. 2002. Introduction. In: Panfili J, Pontual H (de), Treodac H, Wright PJ, editors. Manual of fish sclerochronology. Brest (France): Ifremer-IRD coedition. p. 18-23.
  • Quist MC, Pegg MA, DeVries DR. 2012. Age and growth. In: Zale A, Parrish D, Sutton T, editors. Fisheries techniques. 3rd edition. Maryland: American Fishery Society. p. 677-731.
  • Ricker WE. 1975. Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Bull Fish Res Board Can. 191:1-382.
  • Şaşı H, Berber S. 2012. Age, growth and some biological characteristics of white bream (Blicca bjoerkna L., 1758) in Uluabat Lake, in northwestern of Anatolia. Asian J Anim Vet Adv. 7(3):262-267. doi: 10.3923/ajava.2012.262.267
  • Sparre P, Venema SC. 1998. Introduction to tropical fish stock assessment part 1: manual. Rome: FAO. Fisheries Technical Paper No.:306/1.
  • Specziár A, Tölg L, Bíró P. 1997. Feeding strategy and growth of cyprinids in the littoral zone of Lake Balaton. J Fish Biol. 51(6):1109-1124. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1997.tb01130.x
  • Stolarski JT, Sutton TM. 2013. Precision analysis of three aging structures for amphidromous Dolly Varden from Alaskan Arctic rivers.N Am J Fish Manage. 33(4):732-740. doi: 10.1080/02755947.2013.806379
  • Tadajewska M. 1993. Food of bream, Abramis brama (L.) and white bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L.), in Zegrzyński Reservoir. Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 23(2):77-101.
  • Tarkan AS, Gaygusuz Ö, Acıpınar H, Gürsoy Ç, Özuluğ M. 2006. Length-weight relationships of fishes from the Marmara Region (NW-Turkey). J Appl Ichthyol. 22(4):271-273. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00711.x
  • Wielgosz S, Tadajewska M. 1988. Factors determining diet composition and food availability for bream, Abramis brama (L.), and white Bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L.), in Wloclawek Dam Reservoir. Acta Ichthyol Piscat. 18(1):79-100.
  • Williams JE. 2000. The coefficient of the condition in fish. In: Schneider JC, editor. Manual of fisheries survey methods II: with periodic updates. Ann Arbor: Michigan Department of Fisheries Resources. p. 1-2.
  • Wootton RJ. 1990. Ecology of Teleost Fishes. London: Chapman & Hall. 404 p.
  • Wysujack K, Mehner T. 2005. Can feeding of European catfish prevent cyprinids from reaching a size refuge.Ecol Freshw Fish. 14(1):87-95. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0633.2004.00081.x
  • Wysujack K, Laude U, Anwand K, Mehner T. 2001. Stocking, population development and food composition of pike Esox lucius in the biomanipulated Feldberger Haussee (Germany)-Implications for fisheries management. Limnologica. 31(1):45-51. doi: 10.1016/S0075-9511(01)80047-5
  • Wziątek B, Pocyzcyzński P, Kozłowski, J, Wojnar K. 2004. The feeding of sexually mature European perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) in the Lake Kortowskie in the Autumn-Winter period. Arch Pol Fish. 12(2):197-201.
  • Yazıcıoğlu O, Yılmaz S, Erbaşaran M, Polat N, Yazıcı R. 2012. Ladik Gölü (Samsun)’nde yaşayan tatlısu levreği (Perca fluviatilis L., 1758)’nin boy grupları ve mevsimlere gore beslenme özellikleri. Paper presented at: FABA2012 Sempozyumu; Eskişehir, Turkey. [in Turkish]
  • Yazıcıoğlu O. 2014. Biological features of pike (Esox lucius L., 1758) inhabiting Lake Ladik (Samsun) [PhD Thesis]. Ondokuz Mayıs University. 133 p. [in Turkish]
  • Yılmaz S, Suiçmez M. 2010. Age determination and growth of Alburnus chalcoides (Güldenstädt, 1772) population inhabiting Almus Dam Lake (Tokat). Black Sea J Sci. 1(2):7-20. [in Turkish]
  • Yılmaz S, Yazıcıoğlu O, Erbaşaran M, Esen S, Zengin M, Polat N. 2012. Length-weight relationship and relative condition factor of white bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L., 1758), from Lake Ladik, Turkey. J Black Sea/Med Envir. 18(3):380-387.
  • Yılmaz S, Yılmaz M, Polat N. 2007. Age determination from six bony structures of chub (Leuciscus cephalus L., 1758) inhabiting Divanbasi Pond (Kavak, Samsun). Istanbul Uni J Fish Aqua Sci. 23:67-80. [in Turkish]
  • Zar JH. 1999. Biostatistical Analysis. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall 663 p.
Birincil Dil en
Konular Yaşam Bilimleri
Dergi Bölümü Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Yazar: Savaş Yılmaz
E-posta: savas.yilmaz@omu.edu.tr

Yazar: Okan Yazıcıoğlu
E-posta: oknyazicioglu@hotmail.com

Yazar: Ramazan Yazıcı
E-posta: rmznyzci@gmail.com

Yazar: Nazmi Polat
E-posta: npolat@omu.edu.tr

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { limnofish205729, journal = {Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research}, issn = {}, address = {Su Ürünleri Araştırma Enstitüsü}, year = {2015}, pages = {9 - 18}, doi = {10.17216/LimnoFish-5000086147}, title = {Age, Growth and Reproductive Period of White Bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L., 1758) in Lake Ladik, Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Yılmaz, Savaş and Yazıcı, Ramazan and Yazıcıoğlu, Okan and Polat, Nazmi} }
APA Yılmaz, S , Yazıcıoğlu, O , Yazıcı, R , Polat, N . (2015). Age, Growth and Reproductive Period of White Bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L., 1758) in Lake Ladik, Turkey. Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research, 1 (1), 9-18. DOI: 10.17216/LimnoFish-5000086147
MLA Yılmaz, S , Yazıcıoğlu, O , Yazıcı, R , Polat, N . "Age, Growth and Reproductive Period of White Bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L., 1758) in Lake Ladik, Turkey". Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research 1 (2015): 9-18 <http://www.limnofish.org/limnofish/article/205729>
Chicago Yılmaz, S , Yazıcıoğlu, O , Yazıcı, R , Polat, N . "Age, Growth and Reproductive Period of White Bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L., 1758) in Lake Ladik, Turkey". Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research 1 (2015): 9-18
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Age, Growth and Reproductive Period of White Bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L., 1758) in Lake Ladik, Turkey AU - Savaş Yılmaz , Okan Yazıcıoğlu , Ramazan Yazıcı , Nazmi Polat Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.17216/LimnoFish-5000086147 DO - 10.17216/LimnoFish-5000086147 T2 - Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 9 EP - 18 VL - 1 IS - 1 SN - -2149-4428 M3 - doi: 10.17216/LimnoFish-5000086147 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.17216/LimnoFish-5000086147 Y2 - 2015 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research Age, Growth and Reproductive Period of White Bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L., 1758) in Lake Ladik, Turkey %A Savaş Yılmaz , Okan Yazıcıoğlu , Ramazan Yazıcı , Nazmi Polat %T Age, Growth and Reproductive Period of White Bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L., 1758) in Lake Ladik, Turkey %D 2015 %J Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research %P -2149-4428 %V 1 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17216/LimnoFish-5000086147 %U 10.17216/LimnoFish-5000086147