Year 2018, Volume 4 , Issue 3, Pages 140 - 145 2018-12-27

İki Farklı Boy Sınıfındaki Kırmızı Bataklık Kerevitlerinde (Procambarus clarkii) Yemleme Sıklığının Büyüme Performansı ve Kabuk Değiştirme Üzerine Etkileri
Effects of Feeding Frequency on Growth Performance and Molting Cycle of Two Different Size Classes of Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii)

Onur KARADAL [1] , Gürel TÜRKMEN [2]


 Kırmızı bataklık kereviti (Procambarus clarkii) hem su ürünleri yetiştiriciliği hem de süs amacı için önemli bir kerevit türüdür. Bu çalışmada, iki farklı boy grubundaki (Boy I, 15 günlük ve Boy II, 45 günlük) kırmızı bataklık kerevitlerinin iki günde bir (2F1), günde iki (F2) ve günde dört (F4) kez olmak üzere 3 farklı yemleme sıklığında büyüme performansları, yaşama oranları ve kabuk değişim periyotları araştırılmıştır. Çalışma 12 hafta boyunca üç tekrarlı olarak 50 L cam akvaryumlarda gerçekleştirilmiştir. Boy I grubu için en yüksek son ortalama ağırlık F4 grubunda bulunmuştur (P<0,05). Boy II grubunda F2 ve F4 sıklıklarının son ortalama ağırlık, son ortalama total boy ve son ortalama karapas boyları daha yüksektir (P<0,05). Boy I grubunun yaşama oranlarında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir fark bulunmamasına rağmen (P>0,05), her iki boy grubu için F2 sıklığında en yüksek yaşama oranı kaydedilmiştir. Boy I grubunda F2 sıklığının kabuk değişim sayısı en yüksektir ve Boy II grubunda ise F2’den F4’e doğru bir yükseliş vardır. Sonuç olarak, Boy I grubu için günde dört kez, Boy II için ise günde iki kez besleme önerilmektedir. Bu önemli kerevit türü için açlık döngüsü, yemleme oranı, yemleme zamanı, vb. gibi daha fazla beslenme çalışması yapılması gereklidir.

Red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) is an important crayfish species for both aquaculture and ornamental purposes. In this study, growth performance, survival rate, and molting cycle were evaluated with three feeding frequencies, including every other day (2F1), two (F2) and four times (F4) daily in two different age classes (Size I, 15 days old and Size II, 45 days old). The study was carried out in 50 L glass aquariums with three replicates for 12 weeks. The highest final mean weight (FMW) of Size I group was found in F4 (P<0.05). F2 and F4 groups attained higher final mean weight, final mean total length (FMTL) and final mean carapace length (FMCL) for Size II (P<0.05). Although there were no statistical differences in survival rates (SR) of Size I (P>0.05), the highest SR was recorded in F2 for both size groups. Molting cycle of F2 was the highest for Size I and there was a moderate increase from F2 to F4 in Size II group. In conclusion, F4 for Size I and F2 for Size II groups are recommended. Further feeding studies such as starvation and refeeding cycles, feeding rate, feeding time, etc. are necessary for this important crayfish species.

  • Aiken DE, Waddy SL. 1992. The growth process in crayfish. Rev Aquat Sci. 6(3-4):335-381.
  • Barbaresi S, Gherardi F. 2000. The invasion of the alien crayfish Procambarus clarkii in Europe, with particular reference to Italy. Biol Invasions. 2(3):259-264. doi: 10.1023/A:1010009701606
  • Bliss DE. 1983. The Biology of Crustacea. Vol. 5. New York, USA: Academic Press 471 p.
  • Chang ES, Mykles DL. 2011. Regulation of crustacean molting: a review and our perspectives. Gen Comp Endocr. 172(3):323-330. doi: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2011.04.003
  • Chen SM, Chen JC. 2003. Effects of pH on survival, growth, molting, and feeding of giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Aquaculture. 218(1-4):613-623. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(02)00265-X
  • Chen C, Tan Q, Liu M, Wu F, Chen J, Xie S. 2017. Effect of starvation on growth, histology, and ultrastructure of digestive system of juvenile red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii Girard). Iran J Fish Sci. 16(4):1214-1233.
  • Cortés-Jacinto E, Villarreal-Colmenares H, Rendon-Rumualdo M. 2003. Efecto de la frecuencia alimenticia en el crecimiento y sobrevivencia de juveniles de langosta de agua dulce Cherax quadricarinatus (von Martens, 1868) (Decapoda: Parastacidae). Hidrobiologica. 13(2):151-158.
  • Cruz MJ, Rebelo R. 2007. Colonization of freshwater habitats by an introduced crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, in Southwest Iberian Peninsula. Hydrobiologia. 575(1):191-201. doi: 10.1007/s10750-006-0376-9
  • Dörr AJM, Abete MC, Prearo M, Pacini N, La Porta G, Natali M, Elia AC. 2013. Effects of selenium supplemented diets on growth and condition indexes in juvenile red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii. Environ Toxicol Phar. 36(2):484-492. doi: 10.1016/j.etap.2013.05.011
  • FAO 2018. Food and Agriculture Organization. AQUASTAT database; [cited 2018 Feb 22]. Available fromhttp://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/main/index.stm
  • Gherardi F. 2006. Crayfish invading Europe: the case study of Procambarus clarkii. Mar Freshw Behav Phy. 39(3):175-191. doi: 10.1080/10236240600869702
  • González R, Celada JD, Carral JM, González Á, Sáez-Royuela M, García V. 2009. Decapsulated Artemia cysts as dietary supplement for juvenile crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus, Astacidae) at different food supply frequencies from the onset of exogenous feeding under controlled conditions. Aquaculture. 295(3):200-204. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2009.07.009
  • Holdich DM. 2002. Distribution of crayfish in Europe and some adjoining countries. Bull. Fr. Pêche Piscic. 367:611-650.
  • Hua XM, Shui C, He YD, Xing SH, Yu N, Zhu ZY, Zhao CY. 2015. Effects of different feed stimulants on freshwater crayfish (Procambarus clarkii), fed diets with or without partial replacement of fish meal by biofeed. Aquacult Nutr. 21(1):113-120. doi: 10.1111/anu.12148
  • Jover M, Fernandez-Carmona J, del Rio MC, Soler M. 1999. Effect of feeding cooked-extruded diets, containing different levels of protein, lipid and carbohydrate on growth of red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii). Aquaculture. 178(1):127-137. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(99)00119-2
  • Karadal O, Güroy D, Türkmen G. 2017. Effects of feeding frequency and Spirulina on growth performance, skin coloration and seed production on kenyi cichlids (Maylandia lombardoi). Aquacult Int. 25(1):121-134. doi: 10.1007/s10499-016-0017-x
  • Mazlum Y, Güner Ö, Şirin S. 2011. Effects of feeding interval on growth, survival and body composition of narrow-clawed crayfish, Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823 juveniles. Turk J Fish Aquat Sci. 11(2):283-289. doi: 10.4194/trjfas.2011.0213
  • Mizanur RM, Bai SC. 2014. A review of the optimum feeding rates and feeding frequency in Korean rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli) reared at seven different water temperatures. Fish Aquatic Sci. 17(2):229-247. doi: 10.5657/FAS.2014.0229
  • Renai B, Gherardi F, D’agaro E. 2007. Effects of ration size and temperature on moult increment and metabolic parameters of juvenile noble crayfish, Astacus astacus. Bull. Fr. Pêche Piscic. 386:39-54. doi: 10.1051/kmae:2007011
  • Sáez-Royuela M, Carral JM, Celada JD, Pérez JR. 2001. Effects of shelter type and food supply frequency on survival and growth of stage-2 juvenile white-clawed crayfish (Austropotamobius pallipes Lereboullet) under laboratory conditions. Aquacult Int. 9(6):489-497. doi: 10.1023/A:1020509627870
  • Türkmen G, Karadal O. 2012. The survey of the imported freshwater decapod species via the ornamental aquarium trade in Turkey. J Anim Vet Adv. 11(15):2824-2827. doi: 10.3923/javaa.2012.2824.2827
  • Ulikowski D, Krzywosz T. 2006. Impact of food supply frequency and the number of shelters on the growth and survival of juvenile narrow-clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus Esch.). Arch Pol Fisheries. 14(2):225-241.
  • Wan JJ, Shen MF, Tang JQ, Lin H, Yan WH, Li JJ, Zhu L. 2017. Effects of soybean meal processing treatments on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, nitrogen and phosphorus excretion in red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii. Aquacult Int. 25(2):543-554. doi: 10.1007/s10499-016-0052-7
  • Whyte JNC, Englar JR, Carswell BL, Medic KE. 1986. Influence of starvation and subsequent feeding on body composition and energy reserves in the prawn Pandalus platyceros. Can J Fish Aquat Sci. 43:1142-1148. doi: 10.1139/f86-142
  • Xiao X, Han D, Zhu X, Yang Y, Xie S, Huang Y. 2014. Effect of dietary cornstarch levels on growth performance, enzyme activity and hepatopancreas histology of juvenile red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii (Girard). Aquaculture. 426:112-119. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2014.01.029
  • Xu JY, Wang TT, Wang YF, Peng Y. 2010. Effect of combined fish meal: soybean meal ratio, vitamin C and fish oil supplementations in diet on the growth and reproduction of red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii (Crustacea: Decapoda). Aquac Res. 41(9):e252-e259. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2010.02517.x
  • Xu WN, Liu WB, Shen MF, Li GF, Wang Y, Zhang WW. 2013. Effect of different dietary protein and lipid levels on growth performance, body composition of juvenile red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii). Aquacult Int. 21(3):687-697. doi: 10.1007/s10499-012-9603-8
  • Yue CF, Wang TT, Wang YF, Peng Y. 2009. Effect of combined photoperiod, water calcium concentration and pH on survival, growth, and moulting of juvenile crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) cultured under laboratory conditions. Aquac Res. 40(11):1243-1250. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02216.x
  • Zar JH. 1999. Biostatistical Analysis. 4th edt, Upper Saddle River: Prentice-Hall Inc. 929 p.
  • Zhang B, Shi ZR, Wang XL, Deng SG. 2016. The effects of hairtail protein hydrolysate–Fe2+ complexes on growth and non-specific immune response of red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii). Aquacult Int. 24(4):1039-1048. doi: 10.1007/s10499-016-9969-0
Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Published Date December 2018
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-6241-5039
Author: Onur KARADAL (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2683-6258
Author: Gürel TÜRKMEN

Dates

Publication Date : December 27, 2018

Bibtex @research article { limnofish424401, journal = {Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-4428}, address = {}, publisher = {Egirdir Fisheries Research Institute}, year = {2018}, volume = {4}, pages = {140 - 145}, doi = {10.17216/limnofish.424401}, title = {Effects of Feeding Frequency on Growth Performance and Molting Cycle of Two Different Size Classes of Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii)}, key = {cite}, author = {KARADAL, Onur and TÜRKMEN, Gürel} }
APA KARADAL, O , TÜRKMEN, G . (2018). Effects of Feeding Frequency on Growth Performance and Molting Cycle of Two Different Size Classes of Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii). Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research , 4 (3) , 140-145 . Retrieved from http://www.limnofish.org/en/issue/41345/424401
MLA KARADAL, O , TÜRKMEN, G . "Effects of Feeding Frequency on Growth Performance and Molting Cycle of Two Different Size Classes of Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii)". Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research 4 (2018 ): 140-145 <http://www.limnofish.org/en/issue/41345/424401>
Chicago KARADAL, O , TÜRKMEN, G . "Effects of Feeding Frequency on Growth Performance and Molting Cycle of Two Different Size Classes of Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii)". Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research 4 (2018 ): 140-145
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of Feeding Frequency on Growth Performance and Molting Cycle of Two Different Size Classes of Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) AU - Onur KARADAL , Gürel TÜRKMEN Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 140 EP - 145 VL - 4 IS - 3 SN - -2149-4428 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research Effects of Feeding Frequency on Growth Performance and Molting Cycle of Two Different Size Classes of Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) %A Onur KARADAL , Gürel TÜRKMEN %T Effects of Feeding Frequency on Growth Performance and Molting Cycle of Two Different Size Classes of Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) %D 2018 %J Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research %P -2149-4428 %V 4 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD KARADAL, Onur , TÜRKMEN, Gürel . "Effects of Feeding Frequency on Growth Performance and Molting Cycle of Two Different Size Classes of Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii)". Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research 4 / 3 (December 2018): 140-145 .
AMA KARADAL O , TÜRKMEN G . Effects of Feeding Frequency on Growth Performance and Molting Cycle of Two Different Size Classes of Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii). Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research. 2018; 4(3): 140-145.
Vancouver KARADAL O , TÜRKMEN G . Effects of Feeding Frequency on Growth Performance and Molting Cycle of Two Different Size Classes of Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii). Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research. 2018; 4(3): 145-140.